Even before the current war, children in the Gaza Strip had lived through multiple rounds of fighting between Palestinian armed groups and Israel.
In 2021, the BBC featured a girl called Nadin Abdullatif in a report.
Now 13, she has become a popular vlogger on Instagram and has been describing what has happened to her and other children during the war.
Nadin’s older brother, Ahmed, was killed in an Israeli air strike just as she and her family were forced to flee their home in the Rimal neighbourhood of Gaza City. They have since been displaced to Rafah.
In Gaza, more than 23,350 people – mostly women and children – have been killed, according to the Hamas-run health ministry, since the war began in the aftermath of Hamas’s 7 October attacks on southern Israel.
In those attacks some 1,300 people were killed – mainly civilians – and about 240 others were taken hostage.